Financial statements are important in every accounting process. These are basically made to evaluate the current financial progress in order to estimate the future growth. Widely used across businesses, banks, non profit organizations, financial statements are essential in terms of laying down company’s plans for achieving the set business expansion goals and objectives. How to make an ideal financial statement? There are broadly four types of financial statements that every business prepares namely, the income statement, the statement of cash flows, statement of retained earnings, and balance sheet. Let’s understand how it goes with every financial statement.

Firstly, the income statement incorporates the entire details of a company’s from its net income to net loss. Net income is basically the gross funds that are accumulated by the company during a particular accounting period. Whereas, net loss refers to the loss of funds that the company has incurred during an accounting period. Income statement is then produced for the net profit and loss along with the summary and respective dates.

Secondly, the Cash flow statement which includes all the facts pertaining to cash flows. Generally, funds are used for purchasing new machinery, material, for paying wages to labors, and for similar other business activities. Cash flow statement is produced to analyze all the cash that is flowed out and brought in during an accounting period. By this, the business gets a true picture regarding company’s total earnings.

Third is the statement of retained earnings that depicts how the retained earnings have been modified over an accounting period. This form of statement records data pertaining to the increase and decrease in the retained earnings. Another record that stores such information is the dividend account. Dividends are usually profits that a business has made and that are to be remunerated to the company’s stockholders.

In the end comes the balance sheet. As the name suggests, it is a statement that underlines all the account totals for the company. This means showing the entire record of all the financial transactions that are made throughout an accounting year. This sheet contains two columns or accounts, namely assets account and liabilities account. The asset account includes assets purchased, cash flows, accounts receivable, prepaid insurance, depreciation accounts, supplies on hand and more.

The liabilities and equity accounts are clubbed together and consist of accounts payable, notes payable, unearned revenue, capital stock, retained earnings. The sum of liabilities account is taken out along with the total of equity account and the gross figure is summed out. When the total of total assets is matched with the total of total liabilities and equity, the balance sheet is finalized.

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